(a) Just integrate:
and use the initial data:
integrate and simplify to obtain
Use the initial data to find C:
You are solving
The corresponding homogeneous equation is
The characteristic equation is , and so
and the homogeneous solution is .
Use the method of Undetermined Coefficients and look for a solution of
. Plug this into the original
equation and equate coefficients to obtain
A = 2 and B = -4.
The general solution is .
The initial condition gives you and
so C = 36.
The answer is yes: simply choose .
(You just have to make the initial data match the initial
value for .)
Let denote the amountof carbon monoxide
in the lecture hall at time t (in cubic meters)
and let denote the concentrationof
carbon monoxide in the hall at time t
(in cubic meters per cubic meter).
CO enters the hall at rate (/minute).
CO leaves the hall at the rate
The balance equation is
Net change in the amount between t and
= (rate in) (rate out) ,
Collect terms, divide by and take the limit as
approaches zero to obtain the model:
To turn this into an equation for the concentration, replace
by everywhere that you see it.
Sketch the graph of .
The differential equation tells you
when (or where)
The last condition tells you that the inside temperature
can have a max or a min only when the the solution curve
crosses the graph of .
It also tells you that cannot follow
exactly (because would have to be zero everywhere along the
For the initial data given starts at 0 and stays
strictly below until the curves cross
(at some time after when
is strictly less than 10). This shows that
the amplitude of th inside temperature is smaller than
the amplitude of the outside temperature.
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